Peptidomimetic-based antibody surrogate for HER2

Zheng, M.; Chunpu, L.; Zhou, M.; Jia, R.; She, F.; Wei, L.; Cheng, F.; Li, Q.; Cai, J.; Wang, Y., Peptidomimetic-based antibody surrogate for HER2. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B 2021.

Interaction Type: Protein-peptide

Abstract: Inhibition of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 mediated cell signaling pathway is an important therapeutic strategy for HER2-positive cancers. Although monoclonal antibodies are currently used as marketed drugs, their large molecular weight, high cost of production and susceptibility to proteolysis could be a hurdle for long-term application. In this study, we reported a strategy for the development of artificial antibody based on γ-AApeptides to target HER2 extracellular domain (ECD). To achieve this, we synthesized a one-bead-two-compound (OBTC) library containing 320,000 cyclic γ-AApeptides, from which we identified a γ-AApeptide, M-3-6, that tightly binds to HER2 selectively. Subsequently, we designed an antibody-like dimer of M-3-6, named M-3-6-D, which showed excellent binding affinity toward HER2 comparable to monoclonal antibodies. Intriguingly, M-3-6-D was completely resistant toward enzymatic degradation. In addition, it could effectively inhibit the phosphorylation of HER2, as well as the downstream signaling pathways of AKT and ERK. Furthermore, M-3-6-D also efficiently inhibited cell proliferation in vitro, and suppressed tumor growth in SKBR3 xenograft model in vivo, implying its therapeutic potential for the treatment of cancers. Its small molecular weight, antibody-like property, resistance to proteolysis, may enable it a new generation of artificial antibody surrogate. Furthermore, our strategy of artificial antibody surrogate based on dimers of cyclic γ-AApeptides could be applied to a myriad of disease-related receptor targets in future.

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